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Sativa vs Indica

Sativa vs Indica: What is the Difference?

Sativa vs Indica: the overview

With 17 states having legalized marijuana for recreational use, along with the growing popularity of the federally legal hemp-derived market, there’s a growing interest in the differences between Sativa and Indica. Cannabis Sativa and Indica are the two species of the cannabis plant. While they may have certain similarities, they have distinct and specific differences.

When looking to buy marijuana or hemp products, it can be confusing to tell the differences between the two. This is because of the claims that Sativa is more energizing while Indica boasts calming effects. The fact is that several factors are considered when creating the medical and recreational effects of marijuana.

In this article, we’ll help settle the Sativa vs. Indica debate. Stick around to get informed about the physical differences, effects, and uses of the two marijuana strains.

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Sativa vs Indica: Origin of the Names

The 1753 publication, Species Plantarum, categorized all cannabis plants in one group. Cannabis Sativa L was the term used to refer to these strains.

Based on this classification, Cannabis is the genus, Sativa is the species, while L indicates the naming system used by Carl Linnaeus. Also, the term “Sativa” is derived from the Latin word “Sativum,” which means cultivated.

Later on, in 1785, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck updated the Linnaeus naming system. His naming system considered Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica as two distinct plants. Sativa is taller, lanker with more fibrous roots, while Indica is shorter, stouter with psychoactive effects.

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Sativa vs Indica: Physical Differences

Botanists identify different plant strains using certain physical differences. These differences include the shapes of the leaves, branching patterns, and variations in height. And based on these classifications, marijuana strains are identified as Sativa and Indica.

Sativa plants are taller than Indica plants and have a fibrous rather than a woody stalk. They also take a while to grow compared to Indica plants. Their differences are likely caused by artificial breeding, geographic isolation, and evolving adaptations.

CBD and THC are the most discussed and studied elements found in marijuana strains. This is because they have different effects on the body. Also, Sativa and Indica contain varying concentrations of these compounds.

As a psychoactive compound, THC is known to produce the “high” effect associated with cannabis use. Marijuana strains with high THC levels can help treat depression, sleeping difficulties, and pain. They can also trigger anxiety in some use cases.

On the other hand, CBD affects mood and is a good remedy for anxiety. It can also serve as a stimulant when taken in small, monitored doses.

Sativas were originally cultivated in warm, humid climates to allow them to dry out without absorbing humidity. Since they do well in warm climates, they also take a while to grow, flower, and produce buds.

Ideal geographical locations for cultivating Sativa include Central and South America and Southeast Asia. These areas have warmer climates that favor the growth of Sativas.

Sativa plants generally have lower CBD doses and higher THC doses. The high THC content is associated with the mind-high and energizing effects of Sativa.

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Indicas were originally cultivated in cold northern climates. And due to their original growing environment, they are short and dense. They also have a shorter growing life cycle, meaning they can be harvested before fall or winter sets in.

The Cannabis Indica plant is native to the Middle East. In particular, this strain grows well in Tibet, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Indica plants have a relatively higher CBD content than Sativa plants. The high CBD content is associated with intensely relaxing effects. It also makes Indica a great remedy for loss of appetite and nausea.

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Hybrids of both Cannabis Sativa and Indica have been created by nature and growers. In particular, people breed hybrids to make them grow faster and produce more yields. Breeding also helps balance out the calming and energizing effects of the strain.

Growers cultivate different cannabis strains from parent Sativa and Indica plants. The hybrids tend to target different effects.

Also, hybrids borrow their physical features and chemical composition from their parent plants. They may be produced with a high THC-O acetate, THC, or CBD percentage. In this case, some hybrids are perfect for nighttime or daytime use, depending on their effects.

Hybrids are classified as Sativa-dominant or Indica dominant. These classifications suggest the dominant Cannabis plant used in breeding.

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Examples of Sativa vs Indica Strains

Different strains of marijuana have varying THC and CBD amounts. Here’s an overview of the popular Sativa and Indica strains with their average THC content (expressed as a percentage):

  • Afghan Kush (Indica with 17.6 percent THC)
  • Bubba Kush (Indica with 10.2 percent THC)
  • Blackberry Kush (Indica with 15.9 percent THC)
  • Fire OG (Hybrid with 17.3 percent THC)
  • Trainwreck (Hybrid with 14 percent THC)
  • Harlequin (Sativa with 5 percent THC)
  • Sour Diesel (Sativa with 16.6 percent THC)

Choosing a Strain

You must consider certain factors to find the best strain for your situation. For instance, if you want to use it for medical purposes, which condition are you looking to treat? Also, what kind of experience are you seeking if it is a recreational strain?

Your experience with marijuana matters too. You wouldn’t want a strain that will wear you out or cause extreme anxiety.

Indica can be ideal for your situation if you want to increase your appetite or sleep well at night. You can also use this strain to relax, calm your nerves or fight racing thoughts. Other uses for Indica include yoga, meditation, and snacking.

On the other hand, Sativa will be perfect if you want to tackle chores or tap into your creativity. The strain can also help you with social anxiety, creative brainstorming, and safe outdoor adventures.

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Buy Sativa and Indica Online

As discussed in this guide, Sativa and Indica plants have certain similarities and differences. Always consider the CBD and THC content when choosing the strains for your needs. We hope this guide helps address concerns on the Sativa vs. Indica debate.

And if you are looking for retail or wholesale hemp-derived products, SW Distro has your needs covered. Select from a variety of options including HHC Flower, Delta 8 Moon Rocks, THCO Pre Rolls, and more. Shop today and pick out your favorites.  We also offer white and private labeling on hemp or non-hemp-derived products. Check out our online store today for products that may suit your needs.



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